In order to improve usability for non-English speaking users, the goal is to have OpenSesame adapt to the default language of the operating system. Very little technical skill is needed to contribute a translation.
If you want to provide a translation, it's recommended to first send an inquiry to firstname.lastname@example.org or post a message on the forum, to make sure that your language is not already being worked on.
- Starting OpenSesame with a specific language
- The five-step translation process
- Updating an existing translation
Starting OpenSesame with a specific language
By default, OpenSesame will try to use the default locale of your operating system, and fall back to English if a translation is not available. To start OpenSesame with a specific language, you can use the
--locale command line argument. For example, to use the Italian translation start OpenSesame as follows:
opensesame --locale it_IT
This will look for a file called
resources/locale/it_IT.qm, and fall back to English if no such file exists.
The five-step translation process
Step 1: Download translatables.ts
translatables.ts is an XML file that contains all the strings that are to be translated. You can download it from here:
At the top-right of the file, you will see a 'Raw' link. Right-click on this link and select 'Save file as' (or something along those lines, depending on your browser) to save the file your disk.
Step 2: Install QtLinguist
QtLinguist is a graphical tool that will assist you in the translation process. It's very user friendly, and allows you to simply select a string of (English) text and enter a translation.
Windows and Mac OS
You can download it as part of the Qt development toolkit (http://qt-project.org/downloads) or as a standalone program (http://code.google.com/p/qtlinguistdownload/). The standalone option is probably easiest for most people.
On Linux, the QtLinguist is generally available in the repositories. For example, on Ubuntu it can be installed with:
sudo apt-get install qt4-linguist-tools
Step 3: Open translatables.ts in QtLinguist
Now start QtLinguist and open
translatables.ts. You will first be asked to enter a source and target language. Leave the source as it is: 'POSIX/ Any country'. The target language should be set to the language that you will translate OpenSesame into. Leave the Country/Region option at 'Any country'. You can change these settings later via Menu -> Edit -> Translation file settings.
Now you can start translating! On the left you will see a list of 'contexts'. These correspond to different parts of the OpenSesame GUI. The 'script' context corresponds to the translatable text messages that are generated on-the-fly (i.e. not part of static menus, etc.). To translate, simply click on the first source text-string in the first context, enter an appropriate translation, and press 'Control+Enter' to advance to the next string.
Some strings will contain HTML tags, like so:
Size<br /><i>in pixels</i>
In this case, only change the text and leave the HTML tags as they are. So, for a Dutch translation this would become:
Grootte<br /><i>in pixels</i>
Also, some strings contain wildcards, like so:
Tell me more about the %s item
%f, etc.) wildcards are blanks that are filled in on-the-fly by OpenSesame. Please respect these (removing a wild-card will crash the program!) and try to build an appropriate translation around them. So, for a Dutch translation this would become:
Vertel me meer over het %s item
Step 4: Compile your translation to
.qm and test it
OpenSesame doesn't use the
.ts file directly, but requires a file in
.qm format. You can create this file easily from within Qt Linguist by selecting 'File -> Release as'. Create a
.qm file with the same name (except for the extension) as the original file, and place it in the
resources/locale subfolder of the OpenSesame folder. So, for example, if you're working on a French translation, your original source file would be
resources/ts/fr_FR.ts and your compiled file would be
Once you have compiled your translation file to
.qm format and placed it in the resources folder, run OpenSesame with your new locale as described here.
Step 5: Save and submit your translations
Send by e-mail
Once you are satisfied with your translations, save the
translations.ts file under a new name and send it to email@example.com.
Submit through GitHub
You can also submit (and update) your translation via GitHub. First, add your translation to your fork of OpenSesame, as
ll corresponds to the language and
RR to the region. For example,
en_US is US english,
fr_FR is French, and
zh_CN is Chinese. You can find a list of valid regions and languages here. Next, submit a pull request to have your translation included in OpenSesame.
Updating an existing translation
The process to update an existing translation is similar to that described above for creating a new translation. The crucial difference is that you don't start with
resources/ts/translatables.ts, but with a non-blank translation file, such as